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Serevent (Salmeterol)
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Serevent

Serevent is used for long-term treatment of asthma. It may be used to prevent breathing problems in certain patients, including patients with nighttime asthma, or breathing problems caused by exercise. It may be used for long-term treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Other names for this medication:

Similar Products:
Theo-24 Sr, Serevent, Theo-24 Cr, Ventolin, Flovent

 

Also known as:  Salmeterol.

Description

Serevent is used to prevent asthma attacks. Its active ingredient Salmeterol is a bronchodilator. It works by relaxing muscles in the airways to improve breathing. It will not treat an asthma attack that has already begun.

Serevent is also used to treat chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) including emphysema and chronic bronchitis.

Generic name of Serevent is Salmeterol.

Brand name of Serevent is Serevent.

Dosage

Follow the directions for using this medicine provided by your doctor. Use Serevent exactly as directed.

Do not change your doses or medication schedule without advice from your doctor.

The usual dose of Serevent for asthma and COPD is 1 inhalation twice a day. The 2 doses should be about 12 hours apart.

Overdose

If you overdose Serevent and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately. Overdose symptoms may include nervousness, headache, tremor, dry mouth, chest pain or heavy feeling, rapid or uneven heart rate, pain spreading to the arm or shoulder, nausea, sweating, dizziness, seizure (convulsions), feeling light-headed or fainting.

Storage

Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture, light and heat. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Serevent are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.

Contraindications

Do not take Serevent if you are allergic to Serevent components.

It is not known whether Serevent will harm an unborn baby. Do not use this medicine without your doctor's advice if you are pregnant or breast-feeding.

You shouldn't take Serevent if you have heart disease or high blood pressure; epilepsy or other seizure disorder; diabetes; a thyroid disorder; or liver disease.

Do not use a second form of salmeterol (such as Advair) or use a similar inhaled bronchodilator such as formoterol or arformoterol (Foradil, Perforomist, Symbicort, or Brovana) unless your doctor has told you to.

Do not give this medication to a child younger than 4 years old.

Do not use Serevent to treat an asthma attack that has already begun. Salmeterol may increase the risk of asthma-related death.

Avoid getting this medication in your eyes. If this does happen, rinse the eyes with water and seek medical attention.

Do not stop taking Serevent suddenly.

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The protective effects of fluticasone, beta-agonists, and fluticasone plus beta-agonists are significantly less in IL-13-treated mice than in nonsensitized or ovalbumin-sensitized mice.

serevent inhaler dosage

Inflammation is a critical component of asthma. Drugs that control asthma generally reduce the degree of airway inflammation. There is theoretical controversy surrounding the effects of beta(2)-agonists on airway inflammation, with some studies suggesting an anti-inflammatory effect, and others predicting a proinflammatory influence. We conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study of the effect of the long-acting beta(2)-agonist salmeterol on airway inflammation induced by segmental allergen challenge (SAC). We studied 13 allergic asthmatics controlled with as needed inhaled short-acting beta(2)-agonists alone, and used bronchoalveolar lavage 5 min and 48 h after SAC to assess airway inflammation, and the effects of salmeterol on this process. Salmeterol therapy improved FEV(1), but had no significant effect on the immediate or late cellular response to SAC. One measure of superoxide production was reduced, and interleukin-4 (IL-4) was reduced in baseline samples, but other indices of airway inflammation were unchanged by salmeterol therapy. We conclude that salmeterol therapy alone does not meaningfully reduce airway inflammation induced by SAC, but equally importantly, does not result in amplified inflammation.

serevent pediatric dose

The age and sex adjusted relative risk of non-fatal cardiac failure associated with bambuterol was 3.41 (95% confidence limits (CL) 1.99 to 5.86) when compared with nedocromil. When salmeterol was compared with nedocromil the adjusted relative risk of non-fatal cardiac failure was 1.10 (95% CL 0.63 to 1.91). The adjusted relative risk of non-fatal ischaemic heart disease was 1.23 (95% CL 0.73 to 2.08) and 1.07 (95% CL 0.69 to 1.66) for bambuterol and salmeterol, compared with nedocromil, respectively. However, in the first month of exposure the adjusted relative risk of non-fatal ischaemic heart disease was 3.95 (95% CL 1.38 to 11.31) when bambuterol was compared with nedocromil.

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Patients documented in the Bavarian Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians database (approximately 10.5 million people) were included if they had a diagnosis of asthma and at least one prescription of LABA and/or ICS between 2004 and 2008. Annual period prevalence rates (PPRs) were estimated and Cochrane Armitage tests were used for time trend analyses.

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There were 6918 first-time users of budesonide/formoterol and 16,157 of fluticasone/salmeterol. Overall, there were no differences between the two treatment groups in hospitalisations for asthma (23 and 25 per 1000 per year) or visits to the physician during follow-up. Duration of treatment success defined as the time to occurrence of an exacerbation or the need for different or additional anti-inflammatory therapy was also similar in both groups at approximately 8.6 months. The mean duration of persistent treatment was 13% longer with budesonide/formoterol (95% CI 11-16%), during which budesonide/formoterol subjects received 11% less prescriptions for their combination therapy (95% CI 9-13%). Fluticasone/salmeterol users were less likely to require referral to a specialist.

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If asthma patients fail to achieve symptom control using a medium dose of inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) alone, adding a long-acting β2 agonist (LABA) is the preferred treatment. We aimed to compare the effect of two widely available ICS/LABA combinations in these patients in real-life conditions: budesonide/formoterol (BUD/FM; Symbicort(®)) for maintenance and reliever therapy (SMART) and a fixed dose of fluticasone propionate/salmeterol (FP/SM).

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Two authors independently selected trials for inclusion in the review and extracted outcome data. Unpublished data on mortality and serious adverse events were sought from the sponsors and authors.

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Open comparison of stable, but uncontrolled, adult asthmatics. After a 12-week treatment period on salmeterol/fluticasone propionate (period 1), patients who failed to achieve control were randomised to continuing treatment with or without CET for 12 weeks (period 2). The primary end point was the proportion achieving total control of their asthma in 7 of the last 8 consecutive weeks of period 2.

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The addition of salmeterol does not adversely affect the adherence rates to prescription refills for prescribed inhaled corticosteroid therapy. On average, important antiinflammatory treatment should not be supplanted with salmeterol if prescribed in combination.

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These analyses showed that fluticasone/formoterol provided a faster onset of bronchodilation than fluticasone/salmeterol, which was maintained over 12 weeks of treatment. This benefit may facilitate treatment adherence among patients with asthma.

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The results of this study indicate that fluticasone/formoterol is as effective as fluticasone/salmeterol, and has a more rapid onset of action, reflecting the faster bronchodilatory effects of formoterol compared with those of salmeterol. If patients perceive the benefits of therapy with fluticasone/formoterol more rapidly than with fluticasone/salmeterol, this could have a positive impact on preference and adherence.

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Salmeterol 42 micrograms twice daily resulted in significantly greater improvements in asthma-specific quality of life, pulmonary function, and asthma symptoms compared with placebo (as-needed albuterol) in patients with moderate persistent asthma.

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A search was carried out using the Cochrane Airways Group register. Bibliographies of identified RCTs were searched for additional relevant RCTs. Authors of identified RCTs were contacted for other published and unpublished studies.

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Acute lung injury complicates approximately 25-30% of subjects undergoing oesophagectomy. Experimental studies suggest that treatment with beta agonists may prevent the development of acute lung injury by decreasing inflammatory cell infiltration, activation and inflammatory cytokine release, enhancing basal alveolar fluid clearance and improving alveolar capillary barrier function.

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To assess the impact of combination therapy with salmeterol/fluticasone propionate compared with salmeterol alone on moderate and severe exacerbations in patients with severe COPD and a history of repeated exacerbations.

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In this population of moderate to severe asthmatic children on inhaled corticosteroids, salmeterol in a dose of either 50 microg bd or 100 microg bd is significantly more effective at increasing the morning PEF rate over a one month period than salbutamol 200 microg qds. The data provided no significant evidence of a difference in efficacy between the two doses of salmeterol, 50 microg and 100 microg. A trial of salmeterol 100 microg bd may be worth considering in those still symptomatic on the lower dose.

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Analyses were performed on data from two 6-month clinical trials comparing indacaterol and open-label tiotropium or blinded salmeterol and the first six months of a 12-month trial comparing indacaterol and blinded formoterol. Latent growth model (LGM) analyses were conducted to explore the response of the SGRQ Symptoms score from baseline to six months and GMM analyses were evaluated as a method to identify latent classes of differential responders.

serevent dosing

In patients with moderate-to-severe COPD, following sequential periods of therapy with the LABD, the LABD plus exercise, and the LABD plus exercise plus IMT, there is a cumulative benefit in the POD. The most significant improvement was associated with IMT and not with the LABD and exercise training. The FEV(1) was moderately increased following the therapy period with the LABD, and the addition of exercise has most affected the 6-min walk distance.

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Guidelines for asthma management have been developed both locally and internationally. The aim of this study was to evaluate the adherence of primary care physicians in the National Guard Iskan Primary Care Center to these guidelines.

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Our results suggest additive benefits of a single dose of a long-acting beta(2)-agonist and leukotriene antagonist, in terms of bronchoprotection and bronchodilation. Further studies in more severe asthmatics are required to evaluate long-term clinical effects.

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Preterm birth was induced in Sprague-Dawley rats with a combination of mifepristone and prostaglandin-E(2). The animals were treated with nifedipine or its combination with salmeterol and progesterone. Additionally, isolated human myometrial strips from cesarean sections were stimulated with oxytocin, and the inhibitory effects of nifedipine and terbutaline were studied.

serevent drug category

This retrospective analysis of data from two multi-center, randomized, double-blind, parallel group studies compared the efficacy of fluticasone propionate/salmeterol (FSC) 250/50 mcg twice daily with ipratropium bromide/albuterol (IB/ALB) 36/206 mcg four times daily in albuterol-reversible (n=320 [44%]) and non-reversible (n=399 [56%]) patients with COPD. In reversible and non-reversible patients, both treatments significantly increased FEV(1)AUC(0-6h) from baseline and the magnitude of improvement was larger in reversible patients. FSC increased FEV(1)AUC(0-6h) by 1.46+/-0.08 and 1.98+/-0.13 l-h at Day 1 and Week 8, respectively, in reversible patients, compared with 0.71+/-0.06 and 0.94+/-0.10 l-h in non-reversible patients (p<0.001). With IB/ALB, increases were 1.46+/-0.08 and 1.19+/-0.11 l-h at Day 1 in reversible patients and Week 8, respectively, and 0.89+/-0.06 and 0.74+/-0.09 l-h (p < or = 0.041) in non-reversible patients. After 8 weeks, in both the reversible and non-reversible populations, the FEV(1) AUC(0-6h) significantly increased with FSC treatment (p < or = 0.002) and significantly decreased with IB/ALB (p < or = 0.010). In both reversibility groups, improvement in Transition Dyspnea Index (TDI) scores, overall daytime diary symptom scores and nocturnal symptom measures were significantly greater with FSC treatment compared with IB/ALB (p < or = 0.044). Reversibility status was not predictive of the magnitude of reduction in symptom scores. We conclude that both reversible and non-reversible patients receive greater clinical benefit with FSC compared with IB/ALB and acute bronchodilator reversibility is not useful for differentiating patients based on symptomatic responses to FSC compared with IB/ALB.

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serevent buy online 2017-11-15

The present study was undertaken to determine whether regular use of salmeterol reduces buy serevent the emergency effectiveness of albuterol.

serevent buy 2016-03-30

An inhaled glucocorticoid is currently the medication of choice for long-term control of persistent asthma in children. The role buy serevent of long-acting beta2-adrenergic-receptor agonists, such as salmeterol, needs to be defined.

serevent buy online 2017-10-12

Data from 132 adults with mild to moderate asthma and 159 adults with severe asthma were analysed separately. Fluctuations in twice Avodart Cost In Canada -daily peak expiratory flow (PEF) over 6 months were measured by α, representing the strength of correlation with past lung function and potentially asthma stability. α and mean percentage predicted PEF (%predPEF) were plotted with and compared between patients grouped by asthma control defined by recent GINA (Global Initiative for Asthma) guidelines, the Asthma Control Questionnaire score, exacerbations and Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire score. Associations of α and %predPEF with these outcomes were examined using multiple regression analyses.

serevent buy 2015-04-21

Short-term treatment with the combined inhaled corticosteroid and long-acting beta(2)-adrenoceptor agonist fluticasone propionate/salmeterol resulted in greater control of lung function and symptoms than combined ipratropium bromide/albuterol bronchodilator therapy Rulide And Alcohol Consumption , in patients with COPD.

serevent buy online 2016-11-08

The study was conducted at 31 sites in Japan. 35 patients (6 months to 5 years old) with asthma insufficiently controlled by inhaled corticosteroids (100 μg/day) were initiated to treat with SFC50 twice a day for 12 weeks with pressurized metered dose inhalers. The efficacy of SFC50 was assessed using nighttime sleep disorder score as the primary endpoint and the other efficacy measurements. The safety measurement included the incidences of adverse event (AE Viagra Xanax Drug Interactions ).

serevent buy 2015-11-08

The activity of the cystic fibrosis (CF) transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) can be mediated by surface G protein-coupled receptors such as the beta(2)-adrenergic receptor. In this study, we explored the effect of a long-acting beta(2)-adrenergic agonist, salmeterol, on the CFTR-dependent secretory capacity of a human CF tracheal gland serous cell line (CF-KM4), homozygous for the delF508 mutation. We showed that, compared with the untreated CF serous cells, a 24-hour pre-incubation period with 200 nM salmeterol induced an 83% increase in delF508-CFTR-mediated chloride efflux. The restoration of the bioelectric properties is associated with increased apical surface pool of delF508-CFTR. Salmeterol induced a decrease in ion concentration and an increase in the level of hydration of the mucus packaged inside the CF secretory granules. The effects of salmeterol are not Precose Drug Interactions associated with a persistent production of cAMP. Western blotting on isolated secretory granules demonstrated immunoreactivity for CFTR and lysozyme. In parallel, we measured by atomic force microscopy an increased size of secretory granules isolated from CF serous cells compared with non-CF serous cells (MM39 cell line) and showed that salmeterol was able to restore a CF cell granule size similar to that of non-CF cells. To demonstrate that the salmeterol effect was a CFTR-dependent mechanism, we showed that the incubation of salmeterol-treated CF serous cells with CFTR-inh172 suppressed the restoration of normal secretory functions. The capacity of salmeterol to restore the secretory capacity of glandular serous cells suggests that it could also improve the airway mucociliary clearance in patients with CF.

serevent buy online 2016-11-29

There were no cost and major health care use differences Female Viagra Online Order between the two primary or secondary controller therapies in the postinitiation year. Although FP was associated with lower rate of controller switch, montelukast use was associated with significantly better treatment adherence in patients with treatment persistence in this population of Medicaid-enrolled asthmatic patients. The addition of salmeterol as additional controller was associated with a significant decrease in inhaled corticosteroid use, suggesting decreased adherence in patients on the two-drug regimen.

serevent buy 2015-07-07

Long-acting beta-agonists (LABAs) and inhaled corticosteroids administered together appear to be complementary in terms of effects on asthma control. The elements of asthma control achieved by LABAs (improved lung function) and leukotriene receptor antagonists (LTRAs; protection against exacerbations) may Cipro Drug Test be complementary as well.

serevent buy online 2015-05-29

English- and non-English-language searches of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases; the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Web site Sinemet Plus Dosage ; and references of selected reviews through December 2005.

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Patients' homes or adult day Glucophage Online Pharmacy health center.

serevent buy online 2015-11-05

Among matched MF (n = 4094) Sinemet Vs Generic and FPS (n = 4094) cohorts, MF patients had significantly lower postindex asthma-related total charges ($2136 vs $2315, respectively; P = 0.0003), lower pharmaceutical charges ($727 vs $925, respectively; P < 0.0001), fewer exacerbations (0.14 vs 0.16, respectively; P = 0.0306), fewer SABA canister claims (0.9 vs 1.0, respectively; P < 0.0001), and greater adherence measured by prescription fills (3.0 vs 2.8, respectively; P < 0.0001). Asthma-related inpatient charges, outpatient charges, and adherence measured by percent of days covered were not significantly different between treatment cohorts. Limitations included a lack of additional ICS and ICS/LABA therapies, a lack of pediatric patients, and the general limitations associated with retrospective database analyses (e.g., no patient records).

serevent buy 2015-01-24

Eight asthmatic volunteers who required inhaled corticosteroids for control of their symptoms and who were able to withhold treatment with beta 2-agonists for 4 weeks before and Motrin Dose By Weight Infant during the study participated in a double-blind, crossover, placebo-controlled study with two random-order treatment periods: inhaled salmeterol, 50 microg twice a day for seven doses, and placebo in similar fashion, with a 7-day or greater washout between these periods. Methacholine inhalation tests were done 1 h after doses 1, 3, 5, and 7, and then 24 h after the last dose of the study inhaler, 10 min post-200 microg salbutamol.

serevent buy online 2015-12-05

The prevalence of bronchial asthma is 4-8% among pregnant women. The complications, which threaten the Geodon Im Dosage asthmatic pregnancies according to the literature, are the following: spontaneous abortion, diabetes mellitus, caesarean delivery, pre-eclampsia, low gestational weight, neonatal icterus.

serevent buy 2015-01-16

Twelve studies were identified (ten from Europe, one from Canada and one from the USA), but epidemiological indicators varied widely, and only eight were Deltasone 40 Mg suitable for meta-analysis. The data from these studies revealed inter-country quantitative differences in prescription prevalences in the overall population

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Randomized, double- Lasix Gtt Dose blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study.

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To compare the dose-related bronchodilator efficacy and tolerability of formoterol (Oxis) Turbuhaler with salmeterol Diskhaler and placebo in children with asthma. A single-dose, randomized, double-blind, incomplete crossover study of 68 children (7-17 years), with moderate-to-severe asthma, 82% receiving inhaled corticosteroids. Patients received four of six treatments [4.5, 9, 18, or 36 microg formoterol (6, 12, 24 or 48 microg metered doses), 50 microg salmeterol (metered dose) or placebo] at 12-h visits, separated by > or =3 days. Forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), pulse, blood pressure, electrocardiogram, adverse events and urine formoterol were assessed. The therapeutic ratio of formoterol vs. salmeterol was estimated from the efficacy and systemic effects results. All active treatments significantly improved FEV1 compared with placebo. Formoterol 9-36 microg provided dose-related increases over salmeterol in lung function: average 12-h FEV1 (increases of 4.9-8.7%, p < 0.001) and FEV1 at 12 h post-dose (7.0-12.2%, p < 0.001). The onset of effect of formoterol was also significantly faster than salmeterol for doses > or =9 microg. Salmeterol 50 microg was estimated to be equieffective to 3.3 microg formoterol for 12-h average FEV1 and the estimated equieffective dose for a variety of systemic effects was 7.8-13.5 microg formoterol. All treatments were well tolerated. Formoterol (Oxis) Turbuhaler 4.5 Cymbalta Medication Interactions -36 microg provided dose-related improvements in bronchodilator efficacy in children with asthma. Formoterol > or =9 microg provided superior bronchodilator efficacy over 12 h compared with salmeterol Diskhaler 50 microg with no increase in systemic effects.

serevent buy online 2015-03-20

Both beta2-agonists inhibited allergen-induced histamine Epivir Cost release and wheal and flare reactions with maximum inhibition of 40-50% at 10(-6) M, a concentration which reduced PGD2 synthesis by approximately 55%. Histamine release by codeine and skin reactions to codeine and histamine were not or only marginally reduced. Salmeterol and salbutamol (10(-6) M) inhibited clinical LPR at 6 h by 71% and 48%, Except for the clinical LPR, no statistical differences were found between the two drugs on any parameters. None of the drugs inhibited levels of histamine, tryptase, myeloperoxidase, or eosinophil cationic protein in LPR.

serevent buy 2016-07-09

Twelve asymptomatic subjects with seasonal allergic rhinitis participated in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover trial of the effects of a single dose of 100 microg of salmeterol on the response to allergen challenge. Sneezing and symptom scores, and levels of histamine and albumin in nasal lavages, were measured throughout the protocol. Concentrations of tryptase, prostaglandin D2 and Zovirax Dosage Cold Sores lysozyme were measured during the acute allergic response, while levels of IL-3, IL-5 and IL-8 were measured at later time points. Numbers of eosinophils and of total white blood cells were also recorded.

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Two review authors independently assessed trials for inclusion and then extracted data on trial quality and the outcome results. We contacted study authors for additional Zyrtec Infant Dose information. We collected information on adverse effects from the trials.

serevent buy 2015-07-25

To determine in routine practice whether the fixed-dose fluticasone-salmeterol combination (FP/s) is as least as effective as inhaled corticosteroids combined with long-acting B2-agonists administered separately and to study patient perception.

serevent buy online 2017-10-18

Combination therapy with an inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) and a long-acting β2-agonist (LABA) in a single inhaler is the mainstay of asthma management. We previously showed that switching from salmeterol/fluticasone combination (SFC) 50/250 μg bid to a fixed-dose formoterol/budesonide combination (FBC) 9/320 μg bid improved asthma control and pulmonary functions, but not fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO), in patients with asthma not adequately controlled under the former treatment regimen.

serevent buy 2015-10-31

The addition of salmeterol does not adversely affect the adherence rates to prescription refills for prescribed inhaled corticosteroid therapy. On average, important antiinflammatory treatment should not be supplanted with salmeterol if prescribed in combination.

serevent buy online 2017-07-28

Thirteen patients (67+/-7 years, three females) with moderate-to-severe COPD (FEV1<70% predicted and >30% predicted) and with poor reversibility (post-bronchodilator FEV1<12% and <200 ml from pre-bronchodilator values) completed this single centre randomised, double-blind, double-dummy, four-phase cross-over clinical trial. Patients were randomised to treatment after a 2-week oral corticosteroid trial and a theophylline titration phase. Each treatment lasted 2 week with a 2-week washout period. Values at the end of treatments were compared.

serevent buy 2015-04-30

This 12-week randomised, parallel-group study compared the efficacy of indacaterol 150 μg once-daily to salmeterol 50 μg twice-daily in patients with moderate-to-severe COPD. Assessments included FEV(1) standardised area under curve (AUC) from 5 min to 11 h 45 min at Week 12 (primary endpoint), 24-h trough FEV(1) (mean of 23 h 10 min and 23 h 45 min post-dose) at Week 12 (key secondary endpoint), FEV(1) and FVC measured over 24-h, transition dyspnoea index (TDI) and rescue medication use.

serevent buy online 2015-08-31

Randomized, placebo-controlled trial. (ClinicalTrials.gov registration number: NCT00158847)

serevent buy 2016-08-25

A novel flow through (FT) diffusion cell for assessing the permeability of compounds across the buccal mucosa was designed. Porcine buccal mucosa was mounted between two chambers with flow through capacity in both the donor and receptor chambers. The permeability of caffeine (CAF), triamcinolone acetonide (TAC), and estradiol (E(2)) was determined over 4 h and flux values were compared to those obtained using a modified Ussing chamber (MUC). No significant differences in the flux of each probe compound were observed using either the MUC or the novel FT cell. The design of the FT cell allowed for monitoring appearance of receptor solution within the donor chamber during the initial equilibration period, allowing for visual inspection of tissue integrity. These permeability studies demonstrate that this FT cell is a suitable alternative model for assessing drug permeability across the buccal mucosa, without the limitations associated with the static MUC. This novel model was then utilized to determine whether salmeterol xinafoate (SX) could permeate the buccal mucosa at concentrations expected in the oral cavity following inhalation. Concentration-dependent studies demonstrated that SX permeates the buccal mucosa via passive diffusion and that oral mucosal absorption may contribute significantly to the overall systemic exposure of inhaled SX.